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2015考研英语(一)大作文预测:教育专题

必背表达

  培养cultivate

  课余的extracurricular

  填鸭式duck-stuffing

  文凭热diploma craze

  教学改革educational reform

  学术的academic

  创新学习innovative learning

  高等教育higher education

  考研热the craze for graduate school

  贫困学生poverty-stricken students

  全体教员faculty

  深造further one’s study

  素质教育quality education

  德才兼备 possess political integrity and professional ability

  提高学生身心素质 improve the health and psychological quality

  适应社会的改变 adjust to the social changes quickly

  努力获得精神文明 make efforts to seek cultural and ideological progress

2高分热文

  教育-应试教育的弊端

  On a tree sprout four branches, which are symbols of academic abilities(学术能力), practical abilities(实践能力), organization abilities(组织能力) and acting abilities(表演能力). A saw, a symbol of education, violently cuts down three branches, leaving the only one symbolizing academic abilities.

  This picture illustrates a current problematic standard practice ineducation which stresses only academic learning. High scores in examinations or rather academic success is apparently the main pursuit by most students, parents and teachers. In china, a great educational background is always considered as a sure ticket to a lucrative career(有钱途的职业) and a successful life. Children, consequently, are expected to go along the same growth path from a famous kindergarten to a good primary school to a key middle school and then hopefully to a well-known university. If a child shows no interest in traditional learning, even though he is talented in other fields, he will be considered as an idle person without big dreams and be severely punished.

  This education principle was fruitful(有成效的) when university students were highly valued by the job market but no longer productive since the job market has greatly changed. The job market requires more than academic ability nowadays. People with admirable educational background will also fail because of lack of other abilities. There are many forms of abilities for a person, and we’d better strive for a balanced development

  .3精彩译文

  一棵树 上生出四个枝杈,分别象征着学术能力、实践能力、组织能力和表演能力。一把象 征教育的锯生硬地把三个分枝砍掉了,只剩下 了一个象征学术能力的枝丫。

  这幅图 说明了当前在教育界,标准的 惯例是有问题的:只强调学术学习。很明显,大部分的学生、父母、老师最 主要追求的是考试中取得高分以及学术上的成功。在中国,好的教 育背景一直被认为是高新工作和成功人生的入场券。所以孩 子们都期待能有这样人生:从著名 的幼儿园到知名的小学,再到重点高中,然后希 望考上名牌大学。如果一 个孩子对传统的教育不感兴趣,尽管他 在其它领域有天赋,人们也 会认为他是一个没有梦想无所事事的人,还会受到严厉的惩罚。

  当职场 赋予大学生高得价值是,这个教 育理念就是有益的,但因为 职场有了很大的变化,这一理 念已经不再有益了。现在的 职场需要的不仅是学术能力,有着非 凡教育背景的人因为缺乏其它能力也会失败。一个人 有各种各样的能力,我们最 好追求发展的平衡。

 


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